Ref. : 3337-10-en

 

Pair of French "Japonisme" Crystal Vases.
Baccarat - Escalier de Cristal

 

Origine

France, ca. 1880-1890

H : 26,2 cm /  10.3 in.
L : 10,5 cm / 4.1 in.

 

Description

N° 83
Pair of vases in solid blown and worked with the tool colorless lead crystal. Japanese-style decor with friezes, motifs and plants painted in relief with colored lacquer, gold and platinum.

Signature
Signature "Escalier de cristal" painted with gold under the vase.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Notes

Founded in 1804 the house l'Escalier de Cristal was specialized in the sale of luxury items specially ordered from the best workshops over the world and finalized by its own craftmen. Its name comes from the crystal balusters that decorated the staircase linking the different store floors.

The decor and the lacquer and gold based technique of this pair of vases is similar to those used on small Japanesque tables and tea tables created at the same period by this house.

The glassware was either created and manufactured within its own workshops using unrefined crystal mass ("Blanc") from Clichy or Baccarat or in some cases commissioned from leading artists and craftsmen such as Eugene Rousseau, Emile Galle, Ernest Leveille, Eugène Michel...



More information ...

 

Biography

'L'Escalier de cristal' (1804-1923), French luxury Brand.

Founded in 1804 by Mrs. widow Desarnaud (born Marie-Jeanne Rosalie Charpentier) the House 'L'Escalier de Cristal' was one of the first in Paris to propose luxury items such as clocks, candelabras and ornamental vases combining chiseled crystal and gilt bronze. In 1819 at the 'Exposition des produits de l'industrie française' (Exhibition of French Industry Products), the House won a Gold Medal for of a Crystal Basin made for the Princess of Etruria and a Dressing Table made for the Queen of Spain.

By 1830 the house was taken over by Boin and by 1840 by Pierre-Isidore Lahoche (1805-1892). The House then knows a great notoriety. In 1852, Lahoche started to work with his son-in-law Emile-Augustin Pannier (1828-1892) who became director of the company around 1864 -1866. In 1873 the shop expanded by moving to the corner of the Scribe and Auber streets.

In the 1880's, at the climax of the Japanesque wave, his sons Georges (1853-1944) and Henri (? -1935) exhibited creations in the 'Sino-Japanese style' made in collaboration with leading artists and craftsmen of their time such as Baccarat, Edouard Lievre, Gabriel Viardot, Louis Majorelle, Eugene Rousseau, Ernest Leveille, Eugene Michel or Emile Galle who provided some of their finest achievements for this House.

Until 1923, date of the final closing of the store, L'Escalier de Cristal won numerous awards and medals during National, International and Universal Exhibitions (1851, 1853, 1855, 1862, 1867, 1878, 1900 ...).

 

Bibliography

Revue :
Thiébaut, (P.), « Contribution à une histoire du mobilier japonisant : les créations de l'Escalier de Cristal », dans Revue de l'Art, n° 85, Paris, 1989, pp. 76-83.

Books :
Cappa, (G.), Le Génie Verrier de l'Europe, Témoignages, De l'Historicisme à la Modernité (1840-1998), Sprimont-Belgique, 1998, pp. 163, 170-187, 357, 370-376.
Ennès, (P.), Histoire du Verre, Au Carrefour de l'Art et de l'Industrie, Le XIXe siècle, Paris, 2006.
Lambourne, (L.), Japonisme, Echanges culturels entre le Japon et l'Occident, Paris, 2007.
Sautot, (D.), Baccarat, une histoire, 1764..., Edition de Baccarat, France, 1993.
Wichmann, (S.), Japonisme, Paris, 1982.