Ref. : 3775-11-en

 

Alexandre Sandier (1843-1916)
Sevres Manufacture

Porcelain Vase with a decor of Wild Roses

 

Origine

France, Sevres, dated 1903-1904

H : 40,3 cm / 15.9 in.
Ø max: 12,6 cm / 5 in.

 

Description

Pate nouvelle (PN) porcelain vase with a glossy enamel decor of polychrome branches and flowers of wild roses on a gradient on a from blue to green glazed background.

Vase "de Montchanin" shape designed by Alexandre Sandier in 1897 for the Manufacture Nationale de Sevres.
This shape was munufactured in two sizes until 1905.

 

Signature

Manufacture mark : triangular mark : "R. F. / 1903" (in black) underglazed.
Decoration mark : "Manufacture Nationale / décoré à Sèvres / 1904" (in red) on an underglazed cartouche.
Marks : "AK / 3 10 3 [?] " engraved underglaze.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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Notes

It is impossible to think about luxury French ceramics without the Sevres Porcelain Manufactory coming immediately to mind. Always in the top of classic or contemporary French Design, Sevres artists and crafysmen have maintained a standard of excellence and elegance for more than 250 years. For the French, the Sevres Porcelain Manufactory is considered as part of their inheritance as national treasure.


 

Biography

Sèvres Porcelain Manufactory (1740-present).

In 1740, with the assistance of Louis XV and of Madame de Pompadour, a porcelain manufactory was established in Vincennes. In 1756, the manufactory was re-located to Sèvres, where, at the initiative of Madame de Pompadour, larger quarters were constructed in relatively close proximity to the château de Bellevue. In 1759, the manufactory went over to the French Crown.



More information ...

While the history of the Sèvres Porcelain Manufactory in first half of the 19th century was dominated by one sole administrator, Alexandre Brongniart (1770 - 1847), who occupied the position of director from 1800 until his death, the tumultuous second half of the 19th century would, by contrast, bear witness to a series of successions with Elbemen (1847-1852), Victor Regnault (1852-1871), Louis Robert (1871-1879) and Charles Laught all succeeding to the post. Laught’s run as director, however, would come to an abrupt end when in 1887 he was forced to stand down, only to be replaced by the famous Théodore Deck who occupied the position until his untimely death in 1891. And so once again the manufactory took on a new image with Emile Baumgart serving as administrator and two further members acting as technical director and director of art respectively.   
Nevertheless, the real aesthetic revolution in the history of the Sèvres manufactory took place when Alexandre Sandier was named director of art in 1897. Sandier would be responsible for designing a full ensemble of completely new forms, characterised by the juxtaposition of smooth surfaces with the more naturalist relief surfaces common in Art Nouveau. This figuration would then give way to the concept of using vegetables and animals to create new and interesting contours and forms. At the Universal Exhibition in Paris in 1900, the manufactory enjoyed renewed success with its presentation of works designed exclusively in the Art Nouveau style.
From a technical point of view, the manufactory’s history in the second half of the 19th century was also characterised by a series of innovations, one of which was vacuum-sealed pouring conceived for the purpose of avoiding imperfections. Other innovations included coal-fueled firing, the adoption of a vast array of new colours, and last but not least the development of new moulding materials, such as pâte dure nouvelle or pâte Vogt-Lauth. The latter material, fired at a mere 1280°C («classic» hard clay was usually fired at 1410°C), gave rise to a host of new colours (referred to as demi-grand feu) and lended better to new styles of decoration, such as the cristallisation-effect (zinc oxide), the use of copper-based reds and flambé glazes.

The Sèvres Porcelain Manufactory took part in a number of exhibitions, including:
The Universal Exhibitions of 1851 and 1862 in London
The Universal Exhibitions of 1855 and 1867 in Paris
The Universal Exhibitions of 1871 and 1872 in London
The Universal Exhibition of 1873 in Vienna
The Universal Exhibition of 1876 in Philadelphia
The Universal Exhibitions of 1878, 1889 and 1900 in Paris
The Universal Exhibitions of 1903 and 1911 in Torino
The Universal Exhibition of 1913 in Ghent...


Bibliography

Revue :
De Liesville, (A.-R.), « Les Industries d'Art au Champ de Mars, IV La Céramique Moderne », dans L'Art Moderne à l'Exposition de 1878, Publication de la Gazette des Beaux-Arts, Paris, 1879, p. 415-417.

Exhibition catalogs :
Collectif, Lafayette, Tcho-San, Feuilles de carotte, la Manufacture de Sèvres de 1872 à 1905 ou La collection de Sèvres des Musées de Mâcon 1872-1905 - Cahiers d'inventaire n°14 : exposition, musée des Ursulines, Mâcon, 19 mars - 22 mai 2011 .- Mâcon : Musées de Mâcon, 2011.
The Art Journal Illustrated Catalogue : The Industry of All Nation 1851
, London, 1851, fig. p. 169-172.
The Illustrated catalogue of the Exhibition of Art-Industry in Dublin 1853, published with the Art Journal, London, 1853.
The Illustrated Catalogue of the Universal Exhibition 1862 published with the Art Journal, London, 1867-1868, fig. p. 211 et 248.
The Illustrated Catalogue of the Universal Exhibition 1867 published with the Art Journal, London, 1867-1868, fig. p. 53, 163, 214 et 223.

Books :
Alcouffe, (D.), Bascou, (M.), Dion-Tenenbaum, (A.), Thiébaut, (P.), Le Arti Decorative Alle Grandi Esposizioni Universali, 1851-1900, Ed. Idealibri, Milano, 1988.
Arwas, (V.), Art Nouveau, The French Aesthetic, Andreas Papadakis Publisher, London, 2002, fig. p. 528.
Blondel, (N.), Préaud, (T.), La manufacture nationale de Sèvres, Parcours du blanc à l’or, Sèvres, 1996.
Brunet, (M.), Préaud, (T.), Sèvres, des origines à nos jours, Éd. Office du Livre, Fribourg-Suisse, 1978.
D’Albis, (A.), Traité de la porcelaine de Sèvres, Éd. Faton, Dijon, 2003.
Ducrot, (B.), Manufacture nationale de Sèvres, Second Empire & IIIe République, De l’audace à la jubilation, Éd. Courtes et Longues, 2008.
Faÿ-Hallé, (A.), Mundt, (B.), La porcelaine européenne au XIXe siècle, Éd. Office du Livre, Fribourg-Suisse, 1983.
Faÿ-Hallé, (A.), Rocchisani, (C.), Trouvet, (C.), Les Vases de Sèvres, XVIIIe - XXIe siècles, éloge de la virtuosité, Éd.Vas Faton, Dijon, 2014.
Havard, (H.), Les Arts de l’ameublement, La Céramique (Histoire), Villefranche-de-Rouergue, XIXème siècle.
Midant, (J.-P.), Sèvres, La Manufacture au XXème siècle, Michel Aveline éditeur, Paris, 1992.
Vogt, (G.), La Porcelaine, Librairies-Imprimeries Réunies, Paris, 1893.